Justification, freedom & other core concepts

Philemon (New Testament person)

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Paul’s letters get pretty deep sometimes.  The supplemental reading “Ten Effects of the Christ Event” helps with some of the complicated concepts. We’re supposed to address three of these effects, including justification, on our Unit test this weekend. Good thing it’s only three, as I suspect I’ll need several more encounters with some of these notions to truly understand them.

From our student workbook, New Testament Foundations: Jesus and Discipleship, page 121:

  1. Justification (Romans, 2 Corinthians, Galatians): God declares the sinner to be in a right relationship with God because of what God has done in Christ.
  2. Salvation (Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Philippians, 1 Thessalonians): God rescues humanity from evil.
  3. Reconciliation (Romans and 2 Corinthians): God changes the relationship between humanity and himself from one of alienation to one of love, friendship, and intimacy.
  4. Expiation (Romans): Christ’s death has achieved for humanity once and for all what the Day of Atonement ritual symbolized.
  5. Redemption (Romans, 1 Corinthians, Galatians): Christ’s death ransomed humanity from slavery to sin.
  6. Freedom (2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians): Christians enjoy the status of citizens in the heavenly polis or city-state.
  7. Sanctification (Romans, 1 Corinthians, 1 Thessalonians): Christians are dedicated to the service of God.
  8. Transformation (Romans, 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Philippians): Christians are in the process of being changed.
  9. New Creation (Romans, 2 Corinthians, Galatians): God has created humanity anew.
  10. Glorification (Romans, 1 Corinthians, 1 Thessalonians): God is giving Christians a share in the divine presence that Christ already enjoys.

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